Find out about local customs and the documents you need to have when driving on holiday
There’s more to driving abroad than sticking to the other side of the road — depending on where you’re going you could be obliged to travel with all manner of kit.
For example, in France you must carry high visibility vests for the driver and all passengers in the car, while a first aid kit is a standard requirement in Austria and Croatia.
Most countries recommend carrying a warning triangle, high visibility vests for all passengers, and spare light bulbs, as one or more of these items will invariably be required in the most popular destinations.
Local rules and customs
Each country has its own regulations that will be second nature to native motorists, but might catch British holidaymakers out when driving abroad. For example, you must park on a certain side of the road depending on the day of the week on some roads in Spain, while anyone driving in Romania or Russia will get a fine if caught driving a dirty car.
Other customs that might result in a fine or worse include:
Germany – Don’t overtake school buses that have their hazard lights on
Holland – Buses have right of way when leaving a stop in built-up areas
Macedonia – Passengers who are visibly under the influence of alcohol can’t travel in the front
Portugal – It’s illegal to carry bikes on the back of a car
Slovakia – Proof of medical insurance is a requirement when entering the country
Spain – Drivers who wear glasses, and this is noted on their licence, should keep a spare pair with them
Switzerland – Pedestrians have right of way and expect vehicles to stop if they step onto a crossing
Use the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) tool to discover the driving laws and recommendations for driving in individual countries.
Key documents to carry
If you’re driving your own car abroad, you need your driving licence, vehicle registration document and motor insurance policy.
UK policies will protect you for driving abroad in the EU, the EEC and Switzerland, but this tends to amount to third-party cover only — if you want more comprehensive car insurance with extras such as breakdown cover, speak to your provider about an upgrade.
Some countries will require foreign drivers to carry a ‘green card’ – a form of ID you can get free from your insurer. If you are intending to drive abroad outside of the EU, you should also check to see if you need an International Driving Permit — annual permits cost £5.50 and can be bought from the Post Office, the AA and the RAC.
Hiring a car abroad
Hiring a car is another great way to explore a new country. But it’s not as easy as walking into a car hire company and being handed the keys — you need to do some preparation first. You’ll need to prove you’re entitled to drive, so must bring your driving licence with you.
The hire company will also want to know about any endorsements on your licence, so previously would have asked for you to present your paper driving licence counterpart. Since the paper driving licence counterpart was abolished on June 8, 2015, this information has been stored electronically by the DVLA. If the car hire company requires this information, you can give them access by using the DVLA’s Share Driving Licence service.
The DVLA’s new system allows you to generate a code that the hire car company can use to view relevant parts of your driving licence online. For security reasons, the code is only valid for 72 hours — you can generate the code before you go away but if you plan to hire a car a few days into your holiday you may have to log on or call the DVLA while you’re abroad. Alternatively, some hire companies may accept print-outs of this information. You can read more about accessing and sharing your driving licence details in our guide.
Part of the cost of hire will cover your insurance, so you don’t need to worry about being covered.
Child safety and alcohol limits
Different countries have their own rules on how to ensure children travel safely — so be sure to check what individual country requirements are.
Alcohol rules tend to be stricter for driving abroad than they are here. The UK limit for drivers is 80mg of alcohol per 100ml of blood, while it’s often 50mg per 100ml or lower in the EU.
Generally speaking, the police in most European countries are able to give on-the-spot fines or confiscate your car if you infringe their driving laws and fail to pay up, so it pays to be aware of the local laws.
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