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Average gas and electricity bills in the UK

With gas and electric bills in the UK much higher in 2024 than they have been in previous years, the idea of an “average” gas or electric bill has been skewed. However, it’s important that customers know what an average bill looks like for both fuels (as well as different types of household).
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Average gas and electricity bills in the UK

It’s worth knowing what the average energy bill looks like for two reasons:

  • So you can see how your bills and usage compare to the average

  • So you have a better understanding of the way “average” is used in connection with the energy price cap, which is usually reported as the annual energy cost for “average use” households.

The average bill will change each year depending on market factors, the level of the energy price cap and potential government intervention (like the Energy Price Guarantee).

What are the average energy unit rates and standing charges in the UK?

The average unit rates and standing charges from 1 April to 30 June 2024 are:

Unit rates24.50p per kWh6.04p per kWh
Standing charge60.10p per day31.43p per day

Average electricity bills in the UK

The average electricity bill in the UK as of 8 March 2024 is £772.74 per year (without factoring in the annual electricity standing charge).

Because gas is heavily used in the production of electricity, the cost of buying the gas means it costs more to produce the electricity, and those costs are then passed on to customers. Electricity bills had been falling, but this new price cap is an increase on 2023 prices.

Average gas bills in the UK

The average gas bill in the UK as of 8 March 2024 is £853.30 per year (without factoring in the annual gas standing charge).

Gas prices in the UK have been affected by various market factors - such as the Russia-Ukraine war - that have also had a significant impact on the energy prices of other European countries.

Average energy bills by house size

Ofgem usually publishes annual estimates of average energy usage by house size, which can then be extrapolated to find the average energy bills by house size.

Number of bedroomsGas usage (kWh)Electricity usage (kWh)Estimated average annual dual fuel energy billEstimated average monthly dual fuel energy bill

Estimated bill calculated by multiplying the kWh usage by the current average unit rates and adding current average standing charges:

  • 7.42p per kWh for gas

  • 29.60p per day for gas standing charge (£108.04 per year)

  • 28.62p per kWh for electricity

  • 55.35p per day for electricity standing charge (£202.02 per year)

You can see here how the annual usage for a “medium” household comes to just over £1,690 - the figure used as an illustration by Ofgem, the government and the media when reporting on the energy price cap.

You can see the three common energy user groups as defined by Ofgem below.

Typical energy usage (property type and size)Average annual electricity consumptionAverage annual gas consumption
Low (flat or 1-bedroom house/1-2 people)1,800 kWh7,500 kWh
Medium (3-bedroom house/2-3 people)2,700 kWh11,500 kWh
High (5-bedroom house/4-5 people) 4,100 kWh17,000 kWh

What affects the average gas and electricity bill?

When we talk about average gas and electricity bills, we’re usually talking about the price of standard variable tariffs.

The average gas and electricity bill for those on standard variable tariffs is affected almost entirely by the level of the energy price cap, which is set by Ofgem according to wholesale market prices. It limits the price that suppliers can charge per unit rate of gas and electricity. If wholesale prices rise, so does the cap.

There are two levels that affect average gas and electricity bills in the UK, then: wholesale market prices, and then Ofgem's reaction via the price cap. But the average bill is only average if that’s the amount of energy you use - if you use more or less, your bill will be higher or lower than the average.

How can you reduce your home energy costs?

Energy customers can reduce their home energy costs by reducing their energy usage wherever possible. For instance, you can invest in energy-efficient appliances and make sure your home is well-insulated.

One of the key ways you can manage your energy use more effectively is to use Utrack, which is Uswitch’s free mobile app. It connects to your smart meter, tracks energy use throughout your home and uses that information to provide you with personalised energy advice and opportunities to reduce the amount of energy you use.

There are also 104 energy-saving tips that Uswitch has compiled for every area of the home and every budget that may inspire some opportunities as far as your home’s energy efficiency is concerned.

Read more:

How much energy do I use? - Uswitch

Discover how to calculate your monthly energy usage. Work out how much gas and electricity you use and how much you could save by switching energy suppliers.

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Discover why 2024 energy price changes affect energy bills - Uswitch

Find out which suppliers have increased or decreased their energy prices and how that affects your energy bills in 2024.

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Gas and electric costs: understanding kWh - Uswitch

What is the gas and electricity cost per kwh in the UK? To understand what a kWh costs, you first need to know what the difference between a kWh and a kW is. Discover all you need to know about understanding electricity price per kWh.

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