The easiest way to find out if a car is insured is to run an insurance check online.
The Motor Insurance Database (MID) lets you check if your car is insured by entering the vehicle’s number plate, and declaring that you're the owner or registered keeper of the car.
The MID is the only centralised database of motor insurance policy information for all insured vehicles. It's also used by the police to run car insurance checks.
When you check if a vehicle is insured, bear in mind all insurance companies must be members of the Motor Insurance Bureau (MIB). This means they are required to add all policies to the database. It’s updated regularly, but if you’ve just purchased an insurance policy your car may not appear on the database straightaway, so give it time to catch up.
If you haven't bought an insurance policy for your car, the chances are it's not insured.
Car insurance isn't transferable when cars are sold, so you or your employers – if you are driving a company car – are required to take out your own policy when buying a car.
Some car dealers will offer short-term or temporary insurance when you buy a new car — this will cover you for a limited period (usually up to a week) until you buy your own car insurance.
With most people holding more than one type of insurance policy, such as car, home and travel, it's easy to forget who your car is insured with.
Fortunately, if you can’t remember your insurance company there are several ways to find out:
Check your bank statements: look for any payments to an insurance company around the time it’s due.
Check your emails: run a search for ‘car insurance’ to see whether you have correspondence from your car insurer. It’s worth checking spam and trash folders too
Retrieve a quote: if you’ve used a comparison site to run a quote, see if you can log back in and look it up
Your car insurance documents will tell you when your policy runs out. Alternatively, if you know who your insurance provider is you can always contact them to ask.
Your insurer may also send out a reminder a month before your current insurance policy expires, so check your emails carefully in case there are any messages you’ve overlooked. Don’t forget to check your spam or trash folders too.
If you previously bought an insurance policy for your car and aren’t sure if you’re still covered, it’s possible that your policy has renewed automatically.
Most insurers will send you a renewal notice just before your 12-month insurance period ends. But if you don’t take action before the policy expires, your insurer may automatically renew your cover. If you think this has happened, contact your insurer and check your bank statements to see if any payments have been made in the past year.
If your policy has automatically renewed, make a note of the expiry date for future reference so that you can shop around for car insurance in good time.
Automatically renewing your policy is often expensive, so it pays to make sure you get the best quotes for car insurance in advance and avoid sorting your insurance at the last minute.
Some motorists have also been known to buy a new car insurance policy with a different provider without realising that their old policy has automatically renewed.
This means you end up having two policies and paying two premiums. But as you can only ever claim on one policy, it doesn't mean you get double cover and two payouts.
Since continuous insurance enforcement (CIE) came into force in the UK in 2011, all cars must have a minimum of third party only insurance cover to be road-legal. This will cover you for injury or damage caused to others but won’t cover you for damage to your own vehicle.
You will still need insurance even if your vehicle is not being used, unless you declare it off-road with a Statutory Off-Road Notification (SORN). If you don’t have insurance or a SORN, you’re risking a fine and prosecution.
But it's important to note that you won’t be able to drive your car on public roads, including car parks, if you have declared it off-road. You'll need to keep it parked in a garage, on a driveway or on private property.
If your vehicle is insured, it doesn’t mean anyone can drive it.
Insurance policies cover drivers, not cars, so before letting someone loose behind the steering wheel, check that your policy allows other motorists with comprehensive cover in their own right to drive your car. If not, you’ll need to add them to your policy as a named driver.
If your car’s written off, ownership is effectively transferred to your car insurance provider. You will then receive a pay-out equivalent to the value of the vehicle if it were sold in its pre-accident condition. This is known as a settlement.
If you want to drive another car, even on a temporary basis, you would need to check with your insurance company.
If your car has reached the end of its useful life and you want to get rid of it you can arrange for a scrap merchant to collect it. The moment they load it on to their lorry, you can cancel your insurance.
All cars driven on a UK road need to be covered by insurance, with a minimum of third party cover. Always check the car insurance status of any vehicle you intend to drive.
Even if you take the steps to check if your car is insured, you should also make sure you have road tax and a valid MOT, which you can do by using the government’s free car check service.
Aside from telling you whether the car has been taxed, and when the tax expires, you’ll also find out when its next MOT is due.
If you are found to be driving without insurance, you could:
Get a fine
Six penalty points on your driving licence
In the worst case, you could end up going to court, face an unlimited fine and be disqualified from driving. The police are also allowed to seize, and in some cases, destroy a vehicle that is being driven uninsured.