Your job title, trade, profession or occupation could be crucial when you get a motor insurance quote. It doesn’t matter whether you use your car for work. What you do for a living gives the insurer a lot of information about you and how you might drive.
But it’s not the only factor. Other factors that influence your car insurance premium include:
The type and make of car/cars you insure
Your driving record and that of others on the policy
Whether the vehicles are garaged at night or left on the street
Other drivers on the cover
Your accident record and that of others on the policy
Your job, or lack of employment, and the occupations of others on the policy
There isn’t a UK car insurance occupations rating list. Each insurer makes their own decisions based on their past claims experience and their appetite for certain risks. But what you do for a living tells the insurer a lot about you.
Insurers have claims records that demonstrate jobs, driving and automotive choices are linked. Certain jobs, especially if combined with certain types or models of car, tend to result in the kind of driving that leads to higher claims.
If an insurer knows someone’s work and occupation, they can assume many other factors about that person. We all do this in our everyday lives. As long as we base assumptions on evidence rather than prejudice, we can often be right. Insurers are no different.
There is no longer an official car insurance job title list. Anyone who started paying for insurance more than two or three decades ago, will remember insurance rates were calculated by reference to a printed card.
That way, you could see which jobs insurers loved and loathed.
The jobs insurers liked would be at standard rates and anything else would attract a premium loading of so much per cent. A senior civil servant was standard rates. A circus acrobat attracted extra, often a lot extra.
This was much the same as central London addresses, for instance, would be pricier than rural Somerset.
These days, calculating risks for each job, trade and profession is more complex. In some cases, insurers so dislike some occupations that they will either refuse to quote or come up with a premium price that discourages applications.
There can all sorts of reasons for this. Insurers like to spread their risks. They might have hit their target for that job, postcode or type of car so alter their pricing to avoid having a concentration of customers with similar risk profiles.
Insurers do not want to insure all the cars in a street. If a lorry scrapes the cars, or a water main bursts and damages cars on both sides of the street or a vandal scratches their keys down a line of cars, an insurer that covered all the cars would pay out a fortune all at once.
Insurers make the same decisions about certain kinds of work and workers. They may not want to insurer any of a particular job, or they may feel they already insure enough of one kind of occupation so discourage any more through higher pricing.
Insurers have car insurance job title lists they like and those they would rather do without. These car insurance occupation categories vary from company to company.
Some insurers are happier dealing with certain job descriptions than others. This can be for many reasons including not wanting too many drivers who fit a certain category.
There is a danger that insurers’ likes and dislikes can be based on how a job was once seen, rather than the reality of how it is now.
Shop around to find the best car insurance policy for you.
Retired people generally come top of the loved list by insurers and so get cheaper car insurance. Older drivers have fewer accidents but, crucially, they cause less damage when they do crash. Repairs are cheaper, and injuries rarer and less severe. Claims cost less.
Retired drivers drive tend to drive fewer miles, which makes them a better risk. Older people tend to be more careful. They drive more slowly – they have more time available. And they are generally more experienced.
All this assumes the older drivers are medically fit to drive and can read a standard number plate at 20 metres (with spectacles or contact lenses if prescribed).
Secretaries, medical secretaries, legal secretaries, personal assistants, and clerical assistants are favoured by most insurers. People in these categories tend not to be fast or unsafe drivers.
They may be lower earners so the assumption is they will drive lower value cars more carefully. They are more often than not female. Insurers are not allowed to charge women less than men for motor insurance, as they once did.
But proving that largely female jobs, such as classroom assistants, have lower claims costs – a combination of fewer and cheaper claims – is permitted.
Local government officers also tend to be lower paid. Rightly or wrongly, it is seen as a “staid” job which is not pressured, making them attractive to insurers. They work regular hours, and if they have to use a vehicle at work, it may be covered by the employer’s policy.
Police officers who drive at work will normally be covered by their force’s policy. For personal use, they have to buy their own car insurance. Insurers like police officers as they are likely to be better trained drivers.
Police officers should be more aware of the rules of driving, speed limits, and much more conscious of what accidents entail. That means police car insurance is usually cheaper.
Many occupations do not raise alarm or attract higher premiums from car insurers. These can include insurance workers, librarians, teachers, management professionals, and judges.
Because insurers vary so much both in their assessment of trades and professions and in the weighting they give to jobs, it is not possible to be accurate.
However, for the majority of insurers, the majority of jobs carried out by the majority of people do not give cause for worry.
Insurers do not like some jobs. They either price high to discourage potential policyholders or decline to take on this business. They don’t like premier league footballers. They don’t like fairground or circus workers.
Sometimes, the reasons are clear, even if possibly inaccurate or out of date. Sometimes, it can be down to prejudice, or the kind of thinking that made sense once but no longer does. It can also be plain inexplicable.
Many jobs on the dislike list are mainly male occupations. As with women and office work, this is a way around sex discrimination rules.
Almost anyone connected with hotels and restaurants and with gaming may pay more. The feeling is they work long, often irregular, hours and may drive when tired.
But they may also go too fast when there is little traffic in the middle of the night or early morning. Insurers believe they have easy access to alcohol.
Casino croupiers and other similar employees run into this as well. Additionally, their work involves risk so some insurers think they will take risks while driving.
Fairground workers may drive long distances, may drink alcohol, are seen as untrustworthy. Probably the last two of those at least are unfair.
The most expensive jobs also tend to be ones done by younger workers – and age is a negative factor in insurance quotes, at least while you are in your twenties.
It’s not just that younger drivers have more accidents. Those accidents tend to be at a higher speed, causing more damage.
But, crucially, younger drivers often have more passengers in the car. In a fault accident, these passengers, if injured, are third-parties who claim against the driver’s policy.
This is horribly blunt but if you severely disable a young person who has their whole life ahead of them, the insurer will have to pay out a lot more money than if you inflicted the same disabilities on an elderly person.
A young person would be compensated for the income they would have earned over a lifetime.
Farm owners and managers are not usually asked to pay extra. They also gain from addresses far from city centres.
Casual workers such as fruit and vegetable pickers are a different matter. Insurers feel they are more likely to drive low value cars that they may not look after or care of they crash.
Policy issuers also consider the seasonal nature and often the need to drive long distances for work makes them more vulnerable to crashes. Insurers may have evidence that seasonal workers drink too much alcohol.
Insurers and underwriters perceive building workers as careless, working irregular hours and driving low value cars they are prepared to write off. Crashes often involve others. They are also thought to drink more alcohol.
People working as night watchmen or security guards may often find insurance goes up. They tend to lose out because insurers dislike irregular hours and particularly night driving.
This leads to the likelihood of tiredness and boredom, especially after long shifts. This increases the chance of accidents.
Security guards’ work patterns tend to make them less likely to take public transport.
It is generally fine if you drive someone else’s vehicle for this work. Then you will be covered by the employer’s insurance. If you use your own car or van, it’s different.
Delivery couriers are often self-employed, earning by each delivery. The perceived insurer risk is that they race from address to address, park badly (increasing the chances of damage) and work irregular hours including when tired.
They may also have valuable parcels in their cars so increasing the risk of window smashing to steal goods.
Insurers tend to prefer jobs they consider “staid”. Anyone in the public eye such as sports players or entertainers is viewed as a potential higher risk.
Professional footballers pay more for car insurance. Lots more. Partly, they tend to drive high value cars. Some are paid so much they could afford to buy a new top of the range car at least once a month.
They may also have the reputation as party goers and givers, or frequenting night clubs. They may also give lifts to fellow players who could sue after an accident for large sums even if, by normal standards, they are only slightly injured.
And there are high profile, well publicised cases of top level players ending up in court on motoring charges.
Much the same applies to many other sporting professionals – it’s that mix of expensive cars, live for the moment ethos, and worry about injury for anyone in the car other than the driver that insurers dislike.
Musicians, actors and other entertainers are often classified as higher risk. Negatives include unusual hours, access to alcohol, driving long distances to engagements, and injury risk when someone else, possibly famous and higher earning, is in the vehicle.
Higher paid entertainers often drive expensive cars.
Additionally, insurers believe actors and many other entertainers are “moral hazard” risks. Moral hazard is insurance jargon for telling lies about incidents including exaggerating or falsifying claims.
Many of these lists of not liked jobs are compiled by journalists. It is unsurprising, therefore, how often journalists feature.
Any extra they may pay relies on an insurer vision of a journalist chasing ambulances, police cars and fire engines, rushing to cover a job, with one hand on the wheel and the other holding a bottle of scotch.
Plus, it is thought they might be giving a lift to someone of value or importance.
Many, especially desk-bound journalists, argue that if this image was ever true, it is at least a half century out of date. Journalists are also seen as prone to moral hazard – they could lie about or exaggerate a claim. After all, many consider what they write is made-up.
There are some dos and don’ts to cut your insurance.
Lying about your job invalidates your insurance. So if you are a circus clown, don’t say you are a top civil servant.
Telling insurers you do not use your car for work purposes or for commuting to and from work (perhaps you take the train or the bus) can help. But lie and get caught out and you’ll be deemed uninsured, with £30 fine and six penalty points on your licence.
Some insurers charge less if you voluntarily restrict your annual mileage.
Moving your job into a better category may help reduce your premium. But it must be true. Reporters, for instance, might describe themselves as sub-editors or writers rather than journalists if they never leave their desk.
Talk to the professional association or trade union that covers your job. They may have negotiated advantageous terms with certain insurers to overcome some or all negative perceptions.
Shop around. Remember all the other factors that make up a premium quote, not just your job.
Doing something about one or more of these, such as buying a lower value car, or having a long record without a claim can help mitigate any effects of your job title.
You need to let your insurer know if your occupation changes but not if you change employers and continue in the same line of work.
Failing to tell your insurer you have changed job could invalidate your cover. If you move from a negatively to a positively perceived line or work, you might find future cover is cheaper.
If you are a student using your car for unpaid work experience you are covered without needing business use insurance. But if you start work, or are being paid, then that is business use and you are not a student but carrying out your trade or profession.
If in doubt, report the change to your insurer.
If you’re unemployed you could fork out more for car insurance. The Association of British Insurers says unemployment is a recognised risk factor, supported by actuarial evidence. Some theories to explain the perception of higher risk are:
Unemployed drivers will use their car more frequently to travel to more locations as they seek work
The unemployed are less likely to maintain their vehicles, potentially leading to more claims
The unemployed may be more anxious – a factor in some accidents
You must tell the insurer about each job you do. They will concentrate on your main job or if you do two or more equally, look at each.
They may ignore at home work so university lecturers who earn money writing for editing learned journals in their spare time would probably be assessed on the university role.
If you volunteer, perhaps for a charity, and use your own vehicle for the charity’s work – and not just to get to the organisation’s workplace, you must tell the insurer.
Typically, this would include people who drive those with disabilities to hospitals, meetings, and religious services.
You should also contact the organisation as it may have arranged cover for you. There are many different insurances for volunteers so check that it is specifically for your driving cars or vans on the charity or other organisation’s behalf.
Volunteer drivers may have a vehicle provided. In this case, the organisation or charity will arrange cover.
The Association of British Insurers has a list of cover providers who do not charge extra for volunteer driving.