More people are relying on their internet now than ever before, whether it's to work from home, stream the latest viral Netflix show or video call family and friends.
So it's never been more important to make sure you have an internet connection that can handle the needs of your household, and the download speeds we signed up for in the last couple of years just aren't enough anymore.
When searching for broadband deals, you’ll always see an average download speed listed next to the price, but with file sizes written in one format and speeds written in another, it can be confusing when trying to figure out if your broadband is fast enough to handle a download.
So to try to make things clearer, we've simplified things with our download speed calculator, which will show you the actual time it takes to download different file types.
For very small households with little internet use, a good download speed is at least 10-11Mbps for standard ADSL broadband. But in order to support multiple internet users or high-data tasks like 4K streaming or big file downloads, a good download speed would be in excess of around 60Mbps, which typically falls into the category of superfast broadband.
But speeds in the UK are rapidly going beyond this point now too. If you’re looking for internet that can handle anything, then an ultrafast download speed of 100Mbps+ will ensure there’s never an interruption or lag in your service.
Learn more about ultrafast broadband with our guide.
The download speed calculator shows a few examples of different types of files you typically download from the internet, along with how long they take to download on different broadband speeds in minutes and seconds.
Keep in mind that actual speed isn't always as fast as advertised speeds, and there are many additional factors that affect speed. Therefore, there may be some variation in the download time calculator numbers.
Note: File sizes are given in megabytes and speeds are in megabits.
|File type||Single song||YouTube clip||YouTube clip (HD)||Album||TV Show (HD)||Film||Film (HD)||Film (full DVD)||Film (Blu-ray)|
|4Mbps||10s||20s||1m 40s||3m 20s||15m||23m 20s||50m||2h 30m||5h 35m|
|8Mbps||5s||10s||50s||1m 40s||7m 30s||11m 40s||25m 30s||1h 15m||2h 47m|
|16Mbps||2.5s||5s||25s||50s||3m 45s||5m 50s||12m 30s||37m 30s||1h 24m|
|32Mbps||1.25s||2.5s||12.5s||25s||1m 52s||2m 55s||6m 15s||18m 45s||42m|
|50Mbps||0.8s||1.6s||8s||16s||1m 12s||1m 52s||4m||9m 22s||26m 40s|
|100Mbps||0.4s||0.8s||4s||8s||36s||56s||2m||4m 41s||13m 20s|
The first three columns represent varying ADSL broadband speeds, ranging from 4Mbps to 16Mbps. Therefore, in order to download an HD film in under 10 minutes, you’ll need to have a fibre broadband connection, with speeds of at least 36Mbps.
While each gaming platform is slightly different, the minimum download speed you need for online gaming is 3Mbps. However, your download speed isn't the only factor that will affect your online gaming experience, you'll need a decent upload speed and a ping rate of less than 150 ms (milliseconds).
Keep in mind that these requirements will go up for each additional player in your household and that they don't take into account your internet being used for any other activity at the same time (which is highly unlikely).
Newer, high-res games such as those that use 4K streaming will place the biggest demands on your broadband, and a download speed of 3Mbps will definitely not be enough.
And given that most blockbuster video game titles come in at dozens of GBs in size, how long it will take to download the actual game files will also depend on your broadband speed too. Take a look at our report on video game download times around the world to see how long Brits have to wait compared to other nationalities.
One of the biggest influences on your online gaming experience is latency and response time, the delay between the action in the game and when it's displayed on your screen. Your ping rate is the speed at which you get a response from your Internet connection after you send out a request. For example, if you have a ping rate of 150ms, your computer takes 150 ms to respond to a request by another computer.
Therefore, if your ping rate is higher than your opponent's, your responses will be slower and their moves will register first. In fast-paced games, you'll want as little ping as possible.
Reducing the number of devices on your home network can help, as will closing as many tabs and programs as possible if gaming on a PC. If your network is often busy, upgrading to a higher speed broadband connection can decrease latency and give you an overall better gaming experience.
Netflix allows you to download films and TV shows to watch offline via the Netflix app. Within the Netflix app on your smartphone or tablet, simply tap on the download icon to save the episode or movie to your device.
The download speed will depend on the version you select. For example, the first episode of Stranger Things is 197.1MB in Standard quality and 310.1MB in High quality. Or a one-hour episode of Black Mirror is about 280MB in Standard quality and 440MB in High.
If you want to know how fast your current broadband connection is, then take our quick broadband speed test. This will give you a clearer idea of how long each of the files listed above will take to download in your home.
After taking the test, Uswitch will then show you a range of broadband deals that are available in your area. If you're unhappy with the speed you're receiving, you could get a much better internet speed for you and your household by switching to a new service.
First, make sure that you’re making the most of your current broadband connection. Ensure there are no faulty connections or loose wires connecting your router to the broadband line.
Check that you’re getting a good Wi-Fi signal throughout your home and make sure your hub is in a central location, not blocked by large items of furniture or electrical equipment.
Wi-Fi extenders might be a good idea if you live in a larger house, or if you can't move your router to a more open location.
If your Wi-Fi signal is strong but your broadband speed is still slow, you might want to think about upgrading your current subscription.
In order to understand download times, you need to understand the difference between bits and bytes, and how they impact your download speeds. While they may sound similar, they’re actually quite different.
They both represent an amount of data, just different amounts of data. A bit is a binary digit of 1 or 0 and a byte is equal to eight bits. A bit is represented by a lowercase b and a byte with an uppercase B. This means that a kilobyte (KB) is eight times larger than a kilobit (Kb), and a megabyte (MB) is eight times larger than a megabit (Mb). Confused already, we don’t blame you.
Part of the reason for the confusion is that file sizes are usually displayed in bytes, but internet speeds are always shown in bits.
All internet speeds are measured in bits per second, and so a broadband package with an average speed of 8Mbps means the maximum you will get is eight megabits per second or the equivalent of one megabyte per second.
Technically, all internet speeds should be written as 'Mbps' and not 'Mb' because without specifying the time taken, it's a size, not a speed.
When you’re quoted a download speed, it’s important to remember that it is an average. And you won’t always be able to achieve that speed too. A download time is affected by many things:
Line sharing (also known as contention ratio)
Time of day
The distance from telephone exchange and quality of wiring (in your house and in the street) all factor into your actual broadband speed
The main exception to this rule is if you're using a full fibre connection, also known as fibre to the premises (FTTP), which is unaffected by the distance you live from the exchange.
Even with this more reliable kind of connection, however, your speed will still be impacted by the number of customers using the service at any one time.
Looking for a bit more detail on the difference between bits and bytes? Take a look at our guide.
Take a look at our guide to broadband speed guide — find out what speeds you have available in your area and how to deal with slow broadband speed.Learn more
Find the best broadband providers where you live with our guide to broadband availability, including fibre broadband in your area.Learn more