Buying a second-hand car can be a great way of bagging a bargain – find out how to avoid the pitfalls and get a good deal
Whether you’re buying from a registered dealer or a private seller, there are various precautions you should take when buying a used car. A recent study by the Office of Fair Trading found that used car buyers lose an average of £425 each – or £85 million per year in total – through having to fix unresolved faults that are the dealers’ obligation to correct.
Read our 11 point checklist to see what to look out for when buying a used car.
1. Check the car’s history
Before agreeing to buy, make sure you check out the history of the car to find out if it has any outstanding car finance, is recorded as stolen, or has previously been written-off. A single car check with vehicle history checking company HPI costs £20.
2. Value of the vehicle
Avoid being overcharged – find out the market value of the car you’re looking at by checking price guides and comparing similar cars for sale online and in car magazines.
3. Get a good view
Arrange car viewings for the day, and at the seller’s home if possible. Try not to go when it’s dark or raining as this can hide defects, such as dents and scratches. Check beneath the car and under the bonnet for rust and any signs that the car’s been in an accident.
4. Test the seller
Ensure that the seller knows the vehicle and its features well by asking to see its service history and previous MOT certificates – if they don’t seem to know much about the car and its history, it could be a sign the car’s stolen.
5. See the registration document
Ask the seller to show you the car’s V5C registration document, which gives details of the registered keeper and all previous keepers. The Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) started issuing new look red V5Cs from late 2010 – by the end of September 2012 there should be no legitimate blue V5C documents still in circulation.
6. Match up the VIN
The car’s VIN (Vehicle Identification Number) can usually be found at the base of the windscreen, under the bonnet, and stamped into the framework under the carpet by the driver’s seat. Make sure it matches the VIN found in the V5C registration document.
7. Locks and windows
See if the locks are different from one another, as changed locks could indicate that the car’s been broken into before. Keep an eye out for any signs of forced entry and make sure all the windows, including any sunroof, open and close normally.
8. Look out for clocking
Check that the mileage doesn’t look too low for the age and appearance of the car – if it does, the odometer may have been tampered with, known as ‘clocking’. A clocked car is one where the miles have been wound back to increase apparent value and asking price. Every 1,000 miles removed increases the value considerably.
A ‘cut-and-shut’ is where pieces of two or more vehicles, often ones damaged in crashes, are illegally welded together. Pull up carpets and trims for signs of hidden welds and look for poor paintwork or colours that don’t match properly. A full history check will show if the car’s been stolen or written-off – a cut-and-shut could be both.
10. Check the tyres
Check the condition of the tyres, noting the tread depth and side-wall damage. Tyres with uneven wear could mean that the wheels aren’t correctly aligned.
11. Take a test drive
Before taking a test drive, make sure you’re insured. Check your car insurance policy to see if it says that you can drive another car with the owner’s permission – this is known as DOC (Driving Other Cars) cover. Allow at least half an hour, and drive at different driving speeds noting how the steering, brakes and gears handle. Listen out for any odd noises and check the electrics.