Do you need to pay stamp duty on your new home, and if so, how much? We answer these questions and more below.
Stamp duty is a property tax in England and Northern Ireland that you may have to pay if your purchase a home.
In Scotland, stamp duty is called Land and Buildings Transaction Tax (LBTT). In Wales, it's called Land Transaction Tax (LTT).
The different UK nations have different thresholds and rules regarding the payment of stamp duty.
If you're purchasing a residential home in the UK, you may need to pay some form of Stamp Duty.
In England and Northern Ireland, you'll have to pay if you purchase a residential property over £250,000. However, first-time buyers get zero-tax relief up to £425,000 (as long as the property is less than £625,000).
In Scotland, all residential properties over £145,000 are subject to LBTT (although first-time buyers don't need to pay unless the property is over £175,000).
In Wales, residential properties over £225,000 are subject to LTT.
In England, Northern Ireland and Scotland, you will need to pay stamp duty on a commercial property if it's over £150,000.
In Wales, you will only need to pay stamp duty on properties over £225,000.
If you're purchasing a new build home, then it will be subject to the same stamp duty rates as any other residential property.
This means in England and Northern Ireland you'll be required to pay stamp duty if it costs more than £250,000.
The amount of stamp duty you need to pay for a residential home depends on how much it costs. There are different price bands in which different rates apply. You can find out how much stamp duty you'll have to pay using our stamp duty calculator.
The tables below show the different bands and rates for England and Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales.
No you can't pay stamp duty with a personal credit card - this was outlawed in 2018. If you're buying a property that will qualify for stamp duty tax, it's important to ensure that you've considered this when calculating your initial home buying outlay.
|Price band||Stamp duty rate|
So, if you bought a home for £300,000 and you're a UK resident, you would pay 0% stamp duty on the amount between £0 and £250,000, and then 5% on the amount between £250,000 and £300,000 (£50,000).
So, you would have to pay £2,500 in Stamp Duty.
|Price band||LBTT rate|
In Scotland, if you purchased a property for £300,000, you would pay 0% on the amount between £0 and £145,000, 2% on the amount between £145,000 and £250,000 (£105,000) and 5% on the amount between £250,000 and £300,000 (£50,000).
So, you would have to pay £4,600 in LBTT.
|Price band||LTT rate|
In Wales, if you purchased a property for £300,000, you would pay 0% on the amount between £0 and £225,000 and 6% on the amount between £225,000 and £300,000 (£75,000).
So, you would have to pay £4,500in LTT.
In England and Northern Ireland, first-time buyers get Stamp Duty relief up to £425,000, provided the property is less than £625,000.
In Scotland, first-time buyers get LBTT relief up to £175,000, saving them a maximum of £600 on a property purchase.
In Wales, there's no additional LTT relief for first-time buyers.
If you're already own a home, and are purchasing an additional property worth over £40,000 (whether as a buy-to-let property or as a holiday home), you'll likely be subject to a surcharge in addition to stamp duty.
In England and Northern Ireland, the second home surcharge is 3% on top of the standard Stamp Duty rates.
In Scotland, this surcharge is known as the Additional Dwelling Supplement (ADS) and is 6% of the property price.
In Wales, the LTT second home surcharge is 4%.
You need to pay stamp duty after your completion date, within a set amount of time. In England, it needs to be paid within 14 days.
In Scotland and Wales, it needs to be paid within 30 days.
Your solicitor or conveyancer will normally arrange the payment of stamp duty, LBTT or LTT on your behalf.
If they don't, you may need to file and post a paper return in order to pay this.
If you buy another home and aren't able to sell your old home before the completion date of the new sale, you will normally need to pay the second home surcharge.
However, if you then sell your old home within a set amount of time (36 months after completion in England, Northern Ireland and Wales, and 18 months in Scotland), you can normally get this refunded.
You'll need to apply for this refund, which you can do online.
In England and Northern Ireland, the zero-tax stamp duty threshold is £250,000 (£425,000 for first-time buyers provided the property is less than £625,000).
In Scotland, it's £145,000 (£175,000) and in Wales it's £225,000.
You do not need to pay stamp duty if you're purchasing a residential home that costs less than the zero-tax threshold and no second home surcharge applies.
No, in England, Northern Ireland and Scotland, first-time buyers benefit from a higher zero-tax threshold then other buyers to save them some money. Although in Wales, first-time buyers face the same rates as other buyers.
All the UK nations impose a second home surcharge, making it more expensive to buy an additional property. However, the amounts charged by the devolved governments vary.
Yes, you do pay stamp duty as a non-UK resident.
In fact, in England and Northern Ireland, non-UK residents pay stamp duty at higher rates (two percentage points higher) than UK residents.