Here are the answers to many frequently asked questions about credit. Our panel of experts has provided comprehensive answers to your questions.
You should make sure you pay at least the minimum monthly repayment. If you do miss a payment, this will have a negative impact on your credit score for as long as seven years, restricting your ability to get the amount of credit you need at affordable rates.
There are a number of potential reasons for this:
If you have missed any payments - this could have made a mark on your credit report and make you look unreliable to a potential lender. This could be anything from a loan or credit card repayment, mobile phone contract, or missing a mortgage payment
You are not registered on your local electoral roll
You have financial ties to someone with a bad credit history
You have a lot of potential credit – a lender will also take into account how many bank accounts you have and how much debt you currently hold or credit you could use
You may have been the victim of identity fraud so have a lot of credit showing on your account even though you never personally borrowed that money
You may have too little information on your credit report. Many young people struggle to get their first credit card as lenders do not have a financial history to compare. Find out how to use credit cards wisely with our guide to using your first credit card
There are a number of things you can do to improve your credit rating but one of the most basic is simply to show that you can make repayments. This can be as simple as having a mobile phone contract and keeping up your regular payments.
A credit card can also help in this regard: if you make modest purchases on a credit card and repay the balance in full every month it will improve your credit file over time.
Find out how to build your credit score using a credit card
Every time you repay your credit balance you are showing other creditors that you are a reliable person to lend money to. This could help with future applications for larger amounts of credit, such as a mortgage.
While credit cards are a great way to borrow for short periods of time, the greater the number of credit cards you have the greater the risk from fraud or from running up debts you cannot afford.
Also, lenders look at your potential credit as well as your actual debt when deciding whether to lend to you, so having a lot of credit cards might mean they are reluctant to approve your application for even more credit. Plus you have the temptation to take on potentially more debt than you can afford to repay.
It is better to have fewer well-managed accounts. Close any unused accounts, particularly any joint accounts you may have held with flat-mates or partners.
Find out more about how to pay off credit card debt.
Too many credit searches, particularly in a short space of time, can give the impression of someone who has been a victim of fraud, is desperate for credit, or looking for credit with a poor credit history.
Crucially however it is only credit applications that will affect your credit file. There are a variety of other checks that will involve your credit file that won't impact your credit score, like ID checks and quotes.
If you have the option to make a soft search that doesn’t leave a credit application footprint, this can be helpful if you are still at the stage of comparing your credit options.
Compare credit cards with Uswitch.
There are some cashback cards on the market that are available to people with bad credit, but they do have higher than standard interest rates so you need to be careful how you use them.
You can use your cashback card to get a small reward for repaying in full every month while you work towards rebuilding your credit rating. Only get these cards if you can pay the balance off in full every month as the interest rate is likely to be higher than standard cards.
If you end up building up debt on these types of cards you could wipe out any cashback gains you might have made and risk landing yourself deeper in debt and damaging your credit rating further.
Compare credit cards for bad credit with Uswitch.
The financial situation of your housemates should not affect your own credit rating. Your credit file is a record of your own financial history, and how you have maintained your repayments.
If you are a tenant, rather than a homeowner, the home you are living in should have no relation to your credit file, and, providing you not have any joint accounts with your flat-mates, neither should the people you live with. Credit checks are made against the individual, not against the household or address.
If you see debt collection notices coming through your mailbox to someone you live with, you don't need to be concerned that this will negatively impact your own credit score.
The only way your housemates or flatmates will influence your credit rating is through an error, if you fall behind on payments as a result of their actions (they don't pay you the share of a bill that is in your name) or you set up a joint account with them.
If you move out of the property it is vital that you remove your name and responsibility from any bills or other accounts when you vacate the property. Failure to do this could mean you have a financial obligation to a property you don't even live in.
If none of the continuing housemates are willing to accept the transfer of the obligation into their name, simply inform the bill provider you are terminating the account - it is no longer your responsibility once you vacate the property.
Find out more about credit checks with our Credit Check Quiz.
Authorised overdrafts are probably the cheapest way to ensure you have access to an emergency fund and are easy to set up. You should approach your main bank provider to whom your salary is paid and request an overdraft facility.
They will run a credit check to authorise this. Credit unions are another good alternative. These financial co-operatives are member-run and offer better rates for small loans under £4,000.
Payday loan providers charge very high rates of interest and are not advisable. Withdrawing money on a credit card is expensive, with 2-3% fees just for withdrawals, although as a last resort they are still a better option.
To find out more about loans, read our guide to personal loans.
Compare current accounts and see what overdraft facilities are on offer with Uswitch.
There are a number of ways to pay for a new car, including a personal loan, overdraft or using your savings that you have built up in advance. There is also the option to use car finance, which may be offered to you in the showroom.
Whatever option you choose, it is very important to be clear about the interest rates and fees you will need to pay, including any arrangement fees and penalties for paying off the loan early or missing payments. Ask for more information if you are not sure exactly how much you will be paying each month, and overall.
Compare personal loans with Uswitch.
The information on your credit file is not always perfect or up to date, and anything from a divorce to moving house can lead to mistakes being recorded on your credit file. That's why it's always a good idea to check your credit file, particularly before applying for credit. You can dispute any errors.
To rebuild your score you’ll need to use your credit sensibly, never missing a payment and always staying within your credit limit.
For tips on how to rebuild your credit rating take a look at our improve credit rating guide.
In the meantime, you can use cashback cards to get a small reward for repaying in full every month while you work towards rebuilding your credit rating. Added extras are also available with these cards to give you a pat on the back for paying your balance off in time.
Another way to improve your own personal credit is to enter into a joint financial commitment such as a loan with someone who has a good credit rating, such as a spouse. Both of you would then be responsible for meeting the obligations of the commitment (like repayments).
It is not advisable to enter into an arrangement like this with a housemate unless you are comfortable and confident each of you will be able to make the repayments.
You could either damage someone else's credit rating through no fault of theirs, or they could damage your rating. Neither is ideal for someone you are living with.
Find out how to build your credit score using a credit card.
Whether you're looking for a credit card, loan, or a mobile phone deal, your credit score is important - find out how to improve your credit rating.Learn more