The BPI has criticised measures set out in the Digital Britain report to prevent broadband users from illegal filesharing.
According to the association, which represents the UK's recorded music industries, the failure of the report to detail more effective ways of tackling piracy can be described as "digital dithering".
Geoff Taylor, Chief Executive of the BPI, suggested that internet service providers should be doing more to prevent illicit downloading.
He said that tackling illegal filesharing over broadband connections requires a balance to be struck between reward and punishment.
Mr Taylor explained: "Music companies are in the forefront of developing new digital services for consumers but that innovation needs to be balanced with meaningful action to deal with persistent freeloaders."
UK Film Council Chair Stewart Till was more positive in his reaction to Digital Britain, heralding its "clear commitment" to legislation against illegal piracy as a "major step forward".
Earlier this week, broadband provider Virgin Media announced plans to offer its customers access to a new music streaming service, while also revealing that it would temporarily disconnect people caught sharing copyrighted material.